In June 1916 Russian General Brusilov planned a huge offensive against the Austro-Hungarian and German armies in Poland and into Austria-Hungary itself. It was called the Brusilov Offensive.
The offensive was timed to match the British attack on the Somme and, like the Somme, was supposed to give the French at Verdun some relief.
The offensive opened with a bombardment by 2000 artillery pieces. The attack was a big success. Over 25,000 Austro-Hungarian soldiers were taken prisoner on just the first day and the army were in full retreat.
By October the offensive had slowed down. German reinforcements had arrived and Russia was suffering heavy casualties. Tsar Nicholas told Brusilov to bring the offensive to an end.
A German gun crew on the Eastern Front take a break. The gun is camouflaged with some tree branches.
Even though the Russians were doing so badly, newspapers in Britain wanted to make the news more optimistic for propaganda purposes, to keep people feeling confident. This account appeared in the Brecon County Times under the title "Great Russian Success"