First Battle of Ypres
19th October - 22nd November 1914
The town of Ypres was the focus of several battles during the war. Ypres was linked to lots of other towns by many roads and also by canals. This made it important because these transport routes could be used to move supplies for an army.
The German Army was trying to outflank the Allies - to sneak around them - but they lost the battle.
Corporal Gwilym John was a member of the 2nd Battalion Welsh Regiment. He served various roles during the war including a sniper with the army, a scout that gathered information about the enemy, and a watchman when trenches were being built. He was awarded a medal for his bravery in the battles of November 1914. His name can be seen on Menin Gate in Ypres.
Among the German forces fighting in the First Battle of Ypres was Corporal Adolf Hitler. Hitler rescued a fellow officer and received an Iron Cross - the German medal for bravery.
British forces, part of an artillery battery, move through the deserted streets of a Belgian village during the First Battle of Ypres.
German Soldiers Packed On To A Field Train On Their Way To Fight At Ypres. Trains Were Vital On Both Sides Of The Conflict For Transporting Supplies, Ammunition, Troops And Casualties To And From The Front Line.