Lawrence of Arabia
T.E. Lawrence was born in Tremadog, north Wales. He was an archaeologist who was very interested in the Arabic language and culture. After the outbreak of the war, he was appointed as an intelligence officer in Cairo because of his knowledge of the Middle East.
He became an influential figure in the Arab Revolt. The Arabs wanted independence from the Turks, one of Germany’s allies. Britain supported this because it meant that the Turkish forces would be occupied elsewhere, allowing British forces to counter-attack more effectively. In July, British and Arab troops captured the town of Aqaba.